25.8 C
Abuja
Friday, September 25, 2020

Forgotten European atrocities in Africa: Peek into abuses and man’s inhumanity to man

This story was done exactly two years ago, it generated quite a lot of feedbacks including a charge one from Shadrack Mandela which stated thus: 'less...

Bill Gates confident coronavirus vaccine will work in Africa, but Africans on Twitter not having it

Talks to have a potential vaccine for Covid-19 tested in Africa, because the number of infected people is not as high as other countries...

Africa’s low coronavirus rate puzzles health experts

Whether it's a matter of faulty detection, climatic factors or simple fluke, the remarkably low rate of coronavirus infection in African countries, with their...

Crime against Congo: Cases against King Leopold II and Belgium

The intriguing thing about the entrance of King Leopold II into Africa is that it was not with any force or coercion; rather, his...

Open letter to Mrs Seinye Lulu-Briggs: Release High Chief Olu Benson Lulu-Briggs body for burial

Dear Ma, I hope this letter meets you in good health.It is with deep sense of respect that I have chosen to write to you...

History Special: Queen Amina, a warrior among men

In many climes in Africa, women have had to struggle to rise above the perking order of patriarchal expectations.They were highly accepted among men...

UN demands all countries enforce arms embargo on Libya

Associated Press

The U.N. Security Council adopted a resolution Tuesday demanding that all countries enforce the widely violated U.N. arms embargo on Libya, withdraw all mercenaries from the country.

The council also called for political talks and a cease-fire in the war, stressing it has no military solution. The vote was 13-0, with Russia and China abstaining.

In the years after the 2011 uprising that toppled longtime autocrat Muammar Gaddafi, Libya has sunk further into turmoil and is now divided between two rival administrations, based in the country’s east and west, with an array of fighters and militias — backed by various foreign powers — allied with each side.

The resolution’s approval follows a recent report by U.N. experts monitoring sanctions on Libya that accused its warring parties and their international backers — the United Arab Emirates, Russia and Jordan on one side and Turkey and Qatar on the other — of violating the arms embargo, saying it remains “totally ineffective.”

The resolution also extended U.N.’s political mission in Libya, or UNSMIL, until next September and stressed its “central role in facilitating a Libyan-led and Libyan-owned inclusive political process and in achieving a lasting cease-fire.”

The job of former U.N. special representative Ghassan Salame, who resigned in March, has been split into two, as the United States demanded, putting a special envoy in charge of UNSMIL to focus on mediating with Libyan and international parties to end the conflict, with a coordinator in charge of day-to-day operations.

The U.S. demand held up a replacement for Salame and the resolution asks Secretary-General Antonio Guterres to appoint a special envoy “without delay.” One possibility is the U.N.’s current top Mideast envoy, Nikolay Mladenov, a former Bulgarian foreign minister, U.N. diplomats said, speaking on condition of anonymity because discussions have been private.

Tensions in oil-rich Libya escalated further when east-based forces, under commander Khalifa Haftar, launched an offensive in April 2019 trying to capture the capital, Tripoli. But Haftar’s campaign collapsed in June when militias backing the U.N.-supported government in Tripoli, with Turkish support, gained the upper hand, driving his forces from the outskirts of the capital and other western towns.

Haftar is supported by the United Arab Emirates, Russia, Jordan and Egypt while the Tripoli forces are supported by the wealthy Gulf state of Qatar and by Turkey, a bitter rival of Egypt and the UAE in a broader regional struggle over political Islam.

Since Turkey and the UAE stepped up their direct involvement in Libya, “arms transfers to Libya by those two member states have been extensive, blatant and with complete disregard to the sanctions measures,” U.N. experts said.

In addition to countries that supplied weapons, the experts said 11 companies also violated the arms embargo, including the Wagner Group, a private Russian security company that in May provided between 800 and 1,200 mercenaries to support Haftar’s forces. The warring sides and their international backers also failed to inspect aircraft or vessels believed to carry weapons and ammunition.

The U.N. resolution called on all parties “to commit without delay to a lasting cease-fire and political dialogue under the leadership” of the new special envoy.

It requests that Secretary-General Antonio Guterres assess the steps required to reach a lasting ceasefire and the the possible role of the U.N. mission, known as UNSMIL, “in providing scalable ceasefire support,” alongside a report within 60 days on proposals for monitoring a cease-fire under U.N. auspices.

European Union members of the Security Council — Belgium, Estonia, France and Germany — and Ireland which will join the council on Jan. 1, said the resolution’s adoption “is important and comes at a moment of cautious optimism for Libya.”

They pointed to statements by Fayez Sarraj, head of the Government of National Accord in Tripoli, on Aug. 21 calling for a cease-fire across the country and demilitarizing the strategic city of Sirte which was supported by Aguila Saleh, speaker of the rival eastern-based House of Representatives, calling them “encouraging first steps to overcome the stalemate.” The EU members also encouraged Guterres to appoint a new special envoy as soon as possible.

The resolution also condemned “the forced shutdown of oil facilities,” reiterating that “Libya’s oil resources are for the benefit of all Libyans.”

- Advertisement -

Latest Posts

Post coup Mali interim president and vice sworn in

ReutersRetired colonel Bah Ndaw was sworn in as Mali’s interim president on Friday, tasked with presiding over an 18-month transition back to civilian rule...

Migrants stranded in Libya face vicious cycle of cruelty

Associated PressAmnesty International said Thursday that thousands of Europe-bound migrants who were intercepted and returned to Libyan shores this year have disappeared after being...

Unusually heavy rains in Senegal expose big gap in $1.4B flood plan

ReutersMore than two weeks after heavy rains hit Senegal, thigh-high stagnant water still fills streets in Dakar’s suburbs, as angry residents ask what happened...

Fmr French president Sarkozy to know fate in cash-from-Libya case

AFPA Paris appeals court will rule Thursday on a legal challenge by ex-president Nicolas Sarkozy and former aides against an investigation into claims that...

Don't Miss

Post coup Mali interim president and vice sworn in

ReutersRetired colonel Bah Ndaw was sworn in as Mali’s interim president on Friday, tasked with presiding over an 18-month transition back to civilian rule...

Migrants stranded in Libya face vicious cycle of cruelty

Associated PressAmnesty International said Thursday that thousands of Europe-bound migrants who were intercepted and returned to Libyan shores this year have disappeared after being...

Unusually heavy rains in Senegal expose big gap in $1.4B flood plan

ReutersMore than two weeks after heavy rains hit Senegal, thigh-high stagnant water still fills streets in Dakar’s suburbs, as angry residents ask what happened...

Fmr French president Sarkozy to know fate in cash-from-Libya case

AFPA Paris appeals court will rule Thursday on a legal challenge by ex-president Nicolas Sarkozy and former aides against an investigation into claims that...

US Secretary of States pushes for breakthrough on Sudan deal

AFPWith weeks to go before US elections, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo is racing to make a breakthrough with Sudan that he hopes could...

Ouattara party dares Ivorians, says will hold election with or without opposition

ReutersIvory Coast’s ruling party said on Tuesday it will push ahead with the October election regardless of whether the opposition participate, comments likely to...

Egypt’s Sisi committed to ridding Libya of militia, regional interference

ReutersEgypt is committed to helping Libyans “rid their country of armed militias and terrorist organizations, and put an end to the blatant interference of...

France to Mali junta restore power to civilians quickly

ReutersMali’s military junta must restore power to civilians and arrange quick elections, France’s president said on Tuesday, warning that the French role in fighting...

Fmr Air force colonel named Mali interim president, junta leader VP

ReutersFormer Mali defence minister and retired colonel Bah Ndaw was named interim president on Monday while the leader of the junta that seized power...

Leading Ethiopia opposition activist, Jawar Mohammed slammed with terror charges

Associated PressEthiopia has charged its most prominent opposition figure, Jawar Mohammed, and 23 others with terrorism-related offenses, telecom fraud and other crimes, the attorney...
%d bloggers like this: