The leader of Ethiopia’s rebellious northern forces has said he is still fighting close to the regional capital of Mekelle after it was captured by the government troops.
Debretsion Gebremichael, who heads the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), also told Reuters news agency in a text message that some Eritrean soldiers fighting alongside the Ethiopian federal forces had been taken prisoner by his side.
Billene Seyoum, the spokeswoman for the Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, told Reuters that responding to “delusions of a criminal clique” was not the government’s focus.
There was no immediate comment from the Eritrean government, though at the start of the more than three-week conflict it had denied involvement.
Claims from all sides are difficult to verify since phone and internet links to Tigray region have been largely down and access tightly controlled since the war began on November 4.
On Sunday, a day after Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed declared victory in the northern region, Tigray’s forces claimed they shot down a military plane and retook a town from federal forces.
Gebremichael told Reuters his forces also captured the pilot of the military plane. There was no immediate comment from the government or the military.
The Ethiopian government has been trying to quell a rebellion by the TPLF, a powerful ethnically based party that dominated the central government for nearly three decades until Abiy came to power in 2018.
Thousands of people are believed to have been killed since the fighting began, more than 43,000 have fled to neighbouring Sudan, and there are reports of militias attacking civilians.
The flow of refugees and rocket attacks by the TPLF on neighbouring Eritrea also threaten to destabilise the wider Horn of Africa region.
Abiy, who has rebuffed international offers to mediate, said on Saturday evening that federal troops had taken control of the Tigrayan capital Mekelle, allaying fears of protracted fighting in the city of 500,000 people. He said federal police would try to arrest TPLF “criminals” and bring them to court.
Police then issued arrest warrants for 17 military officers on charges of treason and embezzlement of public properties, state-affiliated Fana TV reported. Arrest warrants already exist for 117 other senior officers with alleged ties to the TPLF.
Spectre of armed Conflict
It was not clear if any TPLF leaders had surrendered or been apprehended since Saturday. Their whereabouts were also unknown. Even as the TPLF withdrew from Mekelle, Debretsion, the group’s chairman, told Reuters his forces would fight on – a declaration that raised the spectre of a drawn-out armed war. In Sunday’s text messages, he said the TPLF had also retaken the town of Axum.
Also on Sunday, Ethiopian state television said that 70 graves, some holding individual and some multiple bodies, were found in the town of Humera in Tigray, and quoted witnesses who claimed the victims were killed by pro-TPLF fighters.
The report could not be independently verified.
Human rights investigators and civilians fleeing the conflict say fighters from both sides, including civilian militias supporting more formal security forces, have carried out mass killings. Both the government and the TPLF deny their forces were involved.
The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) said Mekelle was quiet on Sunday. But it said in a statement hospitals were running low on supplies such as gloves to care for the wounded, and one hospital lacked body bags for the dead.
At Ayder Referral Hospital, one of the city’s biggest, the ICRC said it “found approximately 80 percent of patients to be suffering from trauma injuries,” without specifying how the injuries were sustained.
“The influx of wounded forced the hospital to suspend many other medical services so that limited staff and resources could be devoted to emergency medical care,” the ICRC added.